During this period, McKay wrote “If We Must Die”, another poem charged with angst against the oppressed Negro society. In an essay titled "A Negro Poet Writes," McKay asks about American racism: "why should I fight with mad dogs only to be bitten and probably transformed into a mad dog myself?" And see her might and granite wonders there. His poetry was the perfect way for him to maintain his civility while at the same time lashing back at the racial violence around him. In the poem “America”, Claude McKay describes his love and appreciation for his new country despite the difficulties he faces. During this time, his poems challenged white authority while celebrating Jamaican culture. GradeSaver, https://www.theatlantic.com/politics/archive/2013/03/when-america-was-female/273672/, "America" and the Tradition of Female Personifications of America, Read the Study Guide for America (Claude McKay poem)…. This transition into the poem's second half introduces the poem's first explicitly political language: the speaker compares himself to "a rebel" before "a king in state." However, our views on immigration have changed over the past hundred years. Please join StudyMode to read the full document. He attended the Tuskegee Institute in Alabama. Rejoignez-nous. Claude McKay was Jamaican American who moved from Jamaica to the United States in 1912. America (Claude McKay poem) study guide contains a biography of Claude McKay, literature essays, quiz questions, major themes, characters, and a full summary and analysis. Drawing inspiration from America to fight "against" America, McKay's speaker perfectly exemplifies this paradox, and McKay indeed suggests that the speaker is at his strongest and most "masculine" precisely when he is "standing" in defiance. Giving me strength erect against her hate. Yet the "hell" also unambiguously acknowledges that America can be a place of extreme suffering and misery, especially for the disenfrachised. His tone is bitter expressing the bitterness towards racial injustice and discrimination of blacks not able to use the same facilities and not having equal rights as whites. The Question and Answer section for America (Claude McKay poem) is a great "I will confess / I love this cultured hell that tests my youth!". Il fut un grand voyageur, passant la majeure partie de sa vie entre les États-Unis, l'Europe et le Maroc. The speaker is a "youth," apparently well-educated, male, and an outsider figure, who describes his complex and ambivalent feelings towards America and his prophecy for America's future. Mr. McKay then moved to New York invested in a restaurant and got married. In this time, he also became a self proclaimed socialist, “ As a socialist, McKay eventually became an editor at The Liberator, in addition to writing various articles for a number of left-wing publications” (Giles 1). Copyright © 1999 - 2020 GradeSaver LLC. America (Claude McKay poem) Questions and Answers. I think the speaker is referring to American society. „The wine-flushed, bold-eyed boys, and even the girls, „I have forgotten much, but still remember. Says that America is for him a maximum-security prison. More Claude McKay > sign up for poem-a-day Receive a new poem in your inbox daily. Although she feeds me bread of bitterness, And sinks into my throat her tiger’s tooth, Stealing my breath of life, I will confess. (AAP, 2006) For many American immigrants, actually arriving in their new country is only half the battle; then begins the struggle to find a home, secure a job, and begin their lives all over again. Claude McKay's "America" is an English sonnet in which the speaker personifies the country, attributing to it a feminine identity. The line “I too sing, America” is a symbol of blacks pledging allegiance to the flag of the United States the same as whites do but don’t have the same rights as citizens. His first American poem appeared in 1917. I think the speaker is referring to American society. Email Address. He had produced two volumes of dialect poetry, Song of Jamaica and Constab Ballads. And sinks into my throat her tiger’s tooth, Stealing my breath of life, I will confess. In the poem,... ...Langston Hughes and Claude McKay were popular poets during the Harlem Renaissance period around 1919 to 1933. In Claude McKay’s, “Old England” and “Quashie to Buccra” McKay uses dialect as a way to give poems multiple meanings. Claude McKay: The Literary Identity from Jamaica to Harlem and Beyond, Claude McKay, Code Name Sasha: Queer Black Marxism and the Harlem Renaissance, New Negro, Old Left: African-American Writing and Communism between the Wars. Which of the following best describes the speakers feelings about america. The Question and Answer section for America (Claude McKay poem) is a great (Modern American Poetry, 2011) He then changed his style and mixed West Indian folk songs with church hymns. Although she feeds me bread of bitterness. Please provide all information in your posts. McKay wrote a well-known poem known as, “America”; where he expresses, positively and negatively, his feelings toward America. ". Which of the following best describes the speakers feelings about america. On the other hand, Hughes wrote a poem titled “I, Too, Sing America”, which demonstrates the confidence and the assurance he has in himself. GradeSaver "America (Claude McKay poem) Characters". They may only have the grave to come, but he does not wish them to just lie down even in the face of adversity. Sa poésie, lyrique, nostalgique, et sociale, en fait un auteur majeur de la littérature afro-américaine de la première moitié du XXe siècle. What does “bread of bitterness” refer to in the poem? At the age of seventeen he met a gentlemen named Walter Jekyll, who encouraged him to write in his native dialect.
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